Asylum Procedures

General information

An asylum seeker is directed to a certain reception center. This “distribution” is based on several criteria and is determined with the help of the “EASY”  system (initial distribution of asylum seekers).
“Distribution” means that the asylum seekers are directed towards a reception centre which is responsible for them, using certain criteria. Before the distribution can take place, the foreigner has to report to a public authority as asylum seeker. This can happen in two ways. The first possibility is to report when entering Germany. For this purpose he can report to the border authority who can then forward him to the nearest reception centre. This does not apply when the entry has to be denied because, for example, the person comes from a safe third country. The second possibility is to identify oneself as asylum seeker after entry into Germany. He is then also forwarded to the nearest reception centre.
The next step is the “distribution”, the directing towards the appropriate reception centre. Unless the asylum seeker is already situated in the appropriate reception centre, he has to go to the one he is assigned to. Once there, he needs to apply for asylum at the corresponding branch of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees.

“Königsteiner Schlüssel“

The assignment to a reception centre depends firstly on its current capacity. Secondly it also matters in which branch of the Federal Office the homeland of the asylum seeker is processed because not every branch processes every country of origin. In addition to that there are admission quotas for each federal state in Germany. These quotas dictate the number of asylum seekers that have to be admitted in each federal state. The quotas are calculated and determined according to the so called “Königssteiner Schlüssel”. It is calculated annually in accordance with tax revenues and total population of the federal states.

The distribution quotas for 2015 are as follows:

State                                                   Quota

Baden-Württemberg 12,97496% 
Bayern 15.33048%
Berlin  5.04557%
Brandenburg    3.08092%
Bremen  0.94097%
Hamburg  2.52738%
Hessen 7.31557%
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern  2.04165%
Niedersachsen 9.35696%
Nordrhein-Westfalen   21.24052%
Rheinland-Pfalz  4.83472%
Saarland  1.21566%
Sachsen  5.10067%
Sachsen-Anhalt  2.85771%
Schleswig-Holstein  3.38791%
Thüringen  2.74835%

Distribution of asylum seekers 2015 source: Federal Office for Migration and Refugees