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Benefits

Which benefits is the asylum seeker entitled to?

 The benefits in accordance with § 3 Asylum Seeker Benefits Act (AsylblG) comprise of the following:
• the essential needs to cover physical subsistence (§ 3 subs.2 sentence 2 AsylblG)
• the needs for housing, heating, and furnishings, household appliances and items of daily living, as well as
• monetary needs to cover socioeconomic subsistence (§3 subs. 1 sentence 5 AsylblG)

The needs for physical subsistence of nutrition, housing, heating, clothing and health care as well as consumer goods for daily living  are covered via benefit in kind by placement in  an accommodation facility in accordance with §44 AszlVfG.
In addition to that, the beneficiaries receive a monthly amount of money to cover personal needs (socioeconomic subsistence= monetary need).

From March 1, 2015 on this monetary need amounts to:
• for single beneficiaries:  143 €
• for two adult beneficiaries who run a joint household as partners: 129 € each
• for further adult beneficiaries without an own household: 113 € each
• for other teenage beneficiaries from the beginning of the 15th year of life until they reach the age of 18:  85 €
• for entitled children from the beginning of the 7th year of life until they reach the age of 14:  92 €
• for entitled children until they reach the age of 6:  84 €.

In case of a placement in  other than an accommodation facility in accordance with § 44 AsylVfG the entitlement to monetary benefits is principally given priority over benefits in kind as far as benefits for physical subsistence are concerned. This means that, as a rule, the needs, for example, for
• nutrition, alcoholic beverages,
• shoes and clothing
• health care and hygiene items
are rendered in cash from March 1, 2015 on. The monthly essential need amounts to
• 216 € for single beneficiaries
• 194 € each, for two adult beneficiaries who run a joint household as partners
• 174 € each, for further adult beneficiaries without own household
• 198 € for other teenage beneficiaries from the beginning of the 15th year of life until they reach the age of 18
• 157 € for entitled children from the beginning of the 7th year of life until they reach the age of 14
• 133 € for entitled children until they reach the age of 6.
The monetary benefits can also, if necessary under certain circumstances, be rendered in form of vouchers and benefits in kind to cover the essential needs.
The needs for housing, heating and household goods are exempt from the principal priority of monetary benefits. They can be rendered separately either as monetary benefit or benefit in kind.
Children, teenagers and young adults are additionally entitled to benefits for education and participation in accordance with § 3 AsylblG.
Source: BayStMAS

Who is entitled to benefits?

Entitled to benefits are all foreigners
• who are indeed residing in Germany and are in the possession of a permission to reside according to the  Asylum Procedure Act (AsylVfG) (= asylum seekers)
• who want to enter Germany at an airport and whose entry is not or not yet permitted (= asylum seekers in the airport proceeding  of the AsylVfG)
• who are in possession of a residence permit in accordance with § 23 subs. 1 or § 24 of the Residence Act (AufenthG) due to the war in their homeland, in accordance with § 25 subs.4 sentence 1 of the Residence Act or in accordance with §25 subs. 5, provided that the decision about the suspension of their deportation has been no longer than 18 months ago.
• who are in the possession of a temporary suspension of  deportation (Duldung) in accordance with § 60a of the Residence Act.
• who are obliged to leave, even if the pending deportation is not yet or not anymore executable.(=as a rule denied asylum seekers).
• as well as spouses, life partners or minor children of the named person
• who have applied for a follow up application in accordance with § 71 of the Asylum Procedure Act or have filed a secondary application in accordance with § 71a.